Students will engage in a webquest
activity to explore issues surrounding Aboriginal people
and natural resources in today's society. Students
can carry out the activity individually or in small
research groups. The webquest introduces the
topic, outlines the task, lists pertinent resources and
explains the process.
You are a foreign reporter writing
an article about a proposal to build a major new
industrial development in Saskatchewan's northern boreal
forest. Local elders and Aboriginal community members
have expressed concern about how this development could
impact the environment, and consequently, affect
hunting, trapping and fishing in the area. You will be
interviewing both Aboriginals from the surrounding
community and officials from the company proposing the
development in the coming week. You don't have much
background knowledge about the local Aboriginal
community and their history, so you decide to conduct
some background information beforehand.
In this webquest you will find
answers to ten questions by visiting a series of
provided web links and references listed under
Resources. You may also consult your school or local
library to locate your answers. You will gain
sufficient background knowledge to competently conduct
your interview with local Aboriginal representatives by
gaining an understanding of issues surrounding their
rights to to hunt, fish and trap.
1. Either individually or as part
of a small group, according to your teacher's
preference, answer the following questions by reviewing
the references listed below under Resources.
What is the definition of
What is the definition of
Are Aboriginal Rights and Treaty
Rights the same thing?
Read through the text of one of
the numbered Treaties in Saskatchewan available on
the Indian and Northern Affairs Canada website.
What does the text of the Treaty say about
Aboriginal hunting and fishing rights?
When First Nations and the Crown
entered into the numbered Treaties, First Nations
believed they were entering into a land-sharing
agreement between sovereign nations, enabling
settlement to proceed. They planned to share the
land with the newcomers "to the depth of a plough."
The Crown believed that the First Nations were
extinguishing their rights to the land by signing
the agreements. How does this difference in
interpretation continue to affect how Aboriginals
are allowed to practice elements of a traditional
What priority ranks above
Aboriginal Rights in the management of natural
Are Aboriginal hunting rights
applicable to hunting and fishing for sustenance,
commercial purposes or both?
On what lands are Aboriginal
people able to hunt, trap and fish without a
license? Under what circumstances do they need a
Do Métis in Saskatchewan have
the same hunting and fishing rights?
Why are hunting, fishing,
trapping and gathering still important to
Aboriginals in modern day society?
The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
Online articles available at
" Aboriginal Hunting Rights,"
"Aboriginal Fishing Rights" and "Aboriginal Treaty
Rights" by Brock Pitawanakwat
"Traditional Ecological Knowledge"
by Herman Michell
"Métis and Non-Status Indian Legal
Issues" by Darren R. Prefontaine
Historic Treaty Information Site -
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
Words First: An Evolving
Terminology Relating to Aboriginal Peoples in Canada
- Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
First Nations and Métis Relations -
Government of Saskatchewan
Guide to Métis Hunting and Fishing Rights in
Saskatchewan (PDF, Saskatchewan Environment)
Northern Research Portal - "Wildlife
Management in Canada," by Anne Mease:
"Indian Hunting Rights in
Saskatchewan" by Patrick Wallace (Saskatchewan Indian.
January 1990, p.10.)
"Métis Rights" on the Métis Nation -
The Learning Circle: Classroom
Activities, Unit Four, Hunting and Trapping - Indian and
Northern Affairs Canada
Cardinal, Harold and Walter
Hildebrandt. Treaty Elders of Saskatchewan: Our Dream
is That Our Peoples Will One Day Be Clearly Recognized
as Nations. Calgary: University of Calgary Press,
Articles prepared by the Office of
the Treaty Commissioner
"Modern Day Treaties and Agreements"
"Aboriginal Rights and Title"